Wildlife Sanctuary

Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary: The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary, formerly known as the Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary or Hollongapar Reserve Forest. It is an isolated protected area of evergreen forest located in Assam, India. The sanctuary was officially constituted and renamed in 1997. Set aside initially in 1881, its forests used to extend to the foothills of the Patkai mountain range.

Since then, the forest has been fragmented and surrounded by tea gardens and small villages. In the early 1900s, artificial regeneration was used to a develop well-stocked forest, resulting in the site's rich biodiversity. The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary contains India's only gibbons – the hoolock gibbons, and Northeastern India's only nocturnal primate – the Bengal slow loris.Other primates include the stump-tailed macaque (Macacaarctoides), northern pig-tailed macaque (Macacaleonina), eastern Assamese macaque (Macacaassamensisassamensis), rhesus macaque (Macacamulatta), and capped langur (Trachypithecuspileatus). Also found at the sanctuary are Indian elephants, tigers (Pantheratigris), leopards (Pantherapardus), jungle cats (Felischaus), wild boar (Susscrofa), three types of civet, four types of squirrel, and several other types of mammal. At least 219 species of bird and several types of snake are known to live in the park.

The upper canopy of the forest is dominated by the Hollong tree (Dipterocarpusmacrocarpus), while the Nahar (Mesuaferrea) dominates the middle canopy. The lower canopy consists of evergreen shrubs and herbs. The habitat is threatened by illegal logging, encroachment of human settlements, and habitat fragmentation.

DehingPatkai Wildlife Sanctuary: Spread over 111.19 sq. km, DehingPatkai is the only rainforest in Assam. Located partly in Dibrugarh and partly in Tinsukia district, it has three parts: Dirok Rainforest, Upper Dihing River, and Jeypore. It also falls under two elephant reserves: DehingPatkai Elephant Reserve &Dibru – Deomali.

This four-layered rainforest has a humongous variety of flora and fauna including species of Orchids and wild Bananas making it the foremost choice for Dibrugarh sightseeing. Put in numbers, more than 293 bird species, 47 species of mammals, 30 species of butterflies, and 47 reptile species, increase your probability of coming face-to-face with the wildlife. Look around for Pig Tailed Macaque, Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Asiatic Elephant, Black Panther, Tiger, Black Bear and Clouded Leopard.

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary: It is a wildlife reserve in the Morigaon district of the state of Assam in India. It is located about 30 km east of Guwahati. The Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is about 48 km by road from Guwahati. It is a 1-hour drive through a road passing by River Brahmaputra, and a small portion of the village of Mayong. It has a dense population of the Great Indian one-horned rhinoceros. It covers 38.8 km2. Though the total notified area of the park is 38.80 square kilometres, only 16 square kilometres is the effective rhino habitat. Pobitora was declared a reserved forest in 1971 and a wildlife sanctuary in 1987. It covers flat flood plains and a hillock (Raja Mayong).

Pobitora is mainly famous for its great Indian One-horned rhinoceros. Besides rhinoceros, the other animals are leopard, wild boar, Barking deer, wild buffalo etc. Assam’s Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is also home to more than 2000 migratory birds and various reptiles. It is also an Important Bird Area.

Pobitora is running a successful Rhino breeding program within its sanctuary. It is running under Indian Government as "Indian Rhino vision 2020".Places to see in pobitora include Hanging Bridge and GarangaBeel pond. Elephant rides and jeep safaris are major activities which are held by management.

BuraChapori Wildlife Sanctuary: BuraChapori Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area located in the state of Assam in India. This wildlife sanctuary covers 44.06 km², on the south bank of the Brahmaputra River in Sonitpur district. The area was declared a reserved forest in 1974; it became a sanctuary in 1995.Indian rhinoceros, tiger, leopard, wild buffalo, hog deer, wild pigs and occasionally a herd of elephants, Bengal florican, black-necked stork, mallard, openbill stork, teal, whistling duck and many others are found in this wildlife sanctuary.

Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary: The Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary located on the eastern fringe of Guwahati, Assam, India. The sanctuary is known for hosting rare and endangered birds and animals, including the Chinese pangolin and Assamese Macaque.

Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary: Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area located in KarbiAnglong district of Assam in India. This wildlife sanctuary covers an area of 37 km2. The area was declared as a sanctuary on 27 July 2000. It is located 25 km from Golaghat district and 65 km from the Kaziranga National Park.elephant, hoolock gibbon, stumped tailed macaque, pigtailed macaque, slow loris, Assamese macaque, rhesus macaque, tiger, leopard, fishing cat, barking deer, sambar, wild pigs, gaur, pied hornbill, hill myna, imperial pigeon, green pigeon, jungle fowl, pheasant, quail, whistling teal, cotton teal, plover, hawk, magpies, parrot, hornbill, racket tailed drone, rock dove, king crow, python, cobra and monitor lizards are found in this forest.

PaniDihing Wildlife Sanctuary: PaniDihing Wildlife Sanctuary is a 33.93-square-kilometre (13.10 sq mi) wildlife sanctuary located in Sivasagar district, Assam. It is 22 km (14 mi) away from Sivasagar town. This protected area was established as a Bird Sanctuary in August 1999 by the Government of Assam.

As many as 267 species of birds including 70 species of migratory birds have been identified and recorded at PaniDihing. The common birds seen here are bar-headed goose, greylag goose, spot-billed duck, mallards, gadwall, wigeon, garganey, shoveller, red crested pochard, common pochard, ferruginous duck, adjutant stork, kingfisher, lesser adjutant stork, open bill stork, white necked stork. The rare griffon and white-rumped vultures have also been spotted at the sanctuary.

DeeporBeel Wildlife Sanctuary: Located towards the southwest of Guwahati city, DeeporBeel or DiporBil is a permanent freshwater lake, which is the erstwhile water channel of River Brahmaputra, placed towards its south side. This lake found itself in the list of wetland under the Ramsar Convention in November 2002, in the form of a Ramsar Site for conservation methods for being an environmental and biological significance.

In Assamese language, Beel means a huge aquatic body and it is known to be one of the largest Beels in the Brahmaputra valley of Lower Assam area under the Burma Monsoon Forest biogeography region. Deeper beel also has been declared as an Important Bird Area (IBA) with high priority for conservation by the BirdLife International.

Deeporbeel is known to be natural habitat of as many as 219 species of birds that also includes over 70 species of migratory birds. It is known to be the largest gathering of aquatic birds during the winter season when around 19000 water birds can be spotted in one day. Lesser adjutant stork, spot-billed pelican, Pallas’ sea eagle, greater adjutant stork, and Baer’s pochard are some of the threatened avifauna species that can be seen here. Regular migratory birds here include Siberian crane, and water fowl.

DeeporBeel is home to around 12 lizard species, 20 kinds of amphibians, 6 tortoise and turtle species, along with 18 species of snakes. The wetlands and rivers here are called home by more than 50 species of fishes.

Garbhanga Reserve Forest: A Small township of forest village known as Garbhanga. It is one of the largest reserve forest (1880 hectare land) situated in ASSAM, MEGHALAYA hilly borders. It is a beautiful land of 14 tribal villages where approximately 1400 people live. GARBHANGA RESERVE FOREST is one of the most endearing phenomena of nature. It’s breathtaking array of rich flora and diverse fauna add value to the scenic beauty of this reserved forest, many types of species of butterflies i.e. around 68 species where that place belongs a 7thrank in the World.Besides, there is a small unexplored waterfall in this forest. Many primate rarespecies of migratory birds and habitant ape are found in this forest such as Leopard, Elephant, Barking deer, Capped langur, Pale - headed woodpecker, Asian emerald cuckoo, Red headed trogon, Blue eared kingfisher, Oriental dwarf kingfisher, White – browed scimitar babbler, White browed piculet, Grey throated babbler, Nepal fulvetta, Small niltava, Long tailed broadbill, Crested goshawk, Dark-necked tailor bird, Maroon oriole, Bar- winged flycatcher shrike, Velvet fronted nuthatch, Green- billed malkoha, Chestnutwinged cuckoo, Jerdon’sbaza, Scarlet-backed flower pecker, Orange- bellied Himalayansquirrel, White- bellied erpornis, Greater yellownap, Great slaty woodpecker, Sultan tit,Silver breasted broadbill, Pale chinned flycatcher, Oriental pied hornbill, Asian fairy blue bird, Rufous woodpecker and etc.Moreover, people can enjoy trekking, cycling, off- road motor biking, inside the Garbhanga Reserve Forest.

Namdapha National Park: Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot and is located in Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India. It is also the third largest national park in India in terms of area. It is located in the Eastern Himalayan sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The park harbours the northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests in the world at 27°N latitude. The area is also known for extensive Dipterocarp forests.

Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot and is located in Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India. It is also the third largest national park in India in terms of area. It is located in the Eastern Himalayan sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The park harbours the northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests in the world at 27°N latitude. The area is also known for extensive Dipterocarp forests.

Because of many different vegetation zones, the park is home to a great diversity of mammal species. Four big cat species occurre in the park: snow leopards, clouded leopards, common leopards and tigers. Other large predators are dholes, wolves, and Asiatic black bears. Smaller carnivores include red panda, red fox, yellow-throated marten, Eurasian otter, Oriental small-clawed otter, spotted linsang, binturong, common palm civet, small indian civet, large indian civet, masked palm civet, marbled cat, fishing cat, Asiatic golden cat, and two species of mongoose. Large herbivores are represented by elephants wild boar, forest musk deer, indianmuntjac, hog deer, sambar, gaur, common goral, mainland serow, takin and bharal. Seven species of non-human primates including Stump-tailed macaque and Slow Loris, Hoolock Gibbons, Capped Langurs, Assamese Macaques and Rhesus Macaques.

Among the earlier papers on the birds of Namdapha was published in 1990. The park has about 425 bird species with many more to be recorded from work in the higher areas. There are five species of Hornbills recorded from the area. Several species of rare wren-babblers have been recorded in Namdapha. Other bird groups include laughing thrushes, parrotbills, fulvettas, shrike babblers and scimitar babblers. The Snowythroated Babbler is a rare species of Babbler found only in the Patkai and Mishmi hills and nearby areas in Northern Myanmar, is found in Namdapha. Other rare, restricted range or globally endangered species include the Rufous-necked Hornbill, Green Cochoa, Purple Cochoa, Beautiful Nuthatch, Ward's Trogon, Ruddy Kingfisher, Blue-eared Kingfisher, White-tailed fish eagle, Eurasian Hobby, Pied Falconet, White-winged Wood Duck, Himalayan Wood-owl, Rufous-throated Hill-partridge, and Whitecheeked hill partridge. Several leaf warblers and migrants such as Amur Falcon and several Thrushes can be seen here. The first mid-winter waterfowl census in Namdapha was conducted in 1994 when species such as the White-bellied Heron, a Critically Endangared bird was recorded for the first time.

Mouling National Park, Yingkiong: This wildlife park is named after a mountain peak nearby "Mouling" which also means red poison or red blood. Situated in the upper Siang district and spread across 483 square km of area has Siang river flowing on the west and Siring, Subong, Semong and Krobongriver on the easter ends.

There are tiger, panthers, elephant, hog deer, python, barking deer, sambal deer, buffalo and red panda which could be spotted here. Besides animals, there are several species of birds and plants as well which could be seen here. Tourist near and around the park indulge in rafting, angling and trekking. The Mouling National park is a very isolated area and there are weaker signals for communication and almost no scope of transportation either. Closest towns from this park are Along (130km) and Pasighat (180km), and all offices of the forest department are located outside the park. The weather is extremely humid in Yingkiong and in the lower elevation temperature ranges from 15 degrees Celsius to 38 degrees Celsius while in the winters the upper region experiences snowfall.

Sessa Orchid Sanctuary, Bhalukpong: The 100 sq. km area of lush greenery and colourful orchids is a sight you can never forget. There are various varieties of orchids growing in this centre. They are of different colours and sizes and leave all tourists amazed. Also known as the Tipi Orchidarium, the reserve has over 2600 cultivated orchids of 80 different species.

DayingEring Wildlife Sanctuary, Pasighat: This sanctuary, and a couple of other facilities (school, hospital) in Pasighat are named after Dr. D. Ering. Over 25% of the sanctuary is covered with water bodies and hence attracts many migratory birds from Mongolia and Siberia. It is surrounded by the Siang River (Brahmaputra). The sanctuary is also home to many endangered species of birds.

Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary: People call it the 'real ocean of green paradise on earth'. A virgin forest left largely untouched and unexplored, this sanctuary houses a frighteningly massive number of animal, plants, birds, fish, butterflies and reptiles' species.Tigers, panthers, red pandas, blue napperd Pita, King Cobra, Pit Vipers and many more have been recorded.

Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary: This royal wildlife sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh plays home to the royal bengal tiger and many more varieties of flora and fauna. At least 40 mammal species occur in Pakke Tiger Reserve.

Nehru van Udayan, Roing: Located on the banks of Deopani River, the Nehru Van Udyan houses an exciting captivating cactus house, orchid area and a beautiful garden. Ejeez tower (a guest house) located close to the garden is an excellent place to view the Deopani River.

Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary: The Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in South-Western Mizoram. It is close to Indo-Myanmar and Indo-Bangladesh border. The total area of the Sanctuary is 110 Sq. Km. and ranges in altitude from 200m to about 1200m msl. The wild animals found in this Sanctuary are Tiger, Clouded leopard, Elephant, Guar, Barking deer, Sambar, Wild boar, Hoolock Gibbon, Rhesus macaque, Leaf monkey, Common langur, etc.

Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary: The Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary is situated approximately 170 km from Aizawl. It covers an area of about 35 Sq. Km. and ranges in altitude from 400m to 1300m. Animals commonly found here are Wild boars etc.

Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary: The Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Eastern part of Mizoram adjacent to Murlen National Park. The approximate area of the Sanctuary is 60 Sq. Km. and ranges in altitude from 400m to about 2300m above msl. Within this park is the second highest Peak in Mizoram. The important wild animals and birds found in this Sanctuary are Tiger, Leopard, Sambar, Ghoral, Serrow, Hume's Bartailed Pheasant, Kaleej Pheasant, Barking deer, Wild boar, Hoolock gibbon, Rhesus macaque, etc.

Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary: The Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary is situated approximately 240 km from Aizawl via Thenzawl village in the Western Part of Mizoram and is adjacent of Dampa. The Sanctuary acts as a corridor for elephants which migrate from Bangladesh. The area of this Sanctuary is 50 Sq. Km. Important animals found in this Sanctuary are Tiger, Leopard, Hoolock gibbon, Leaf Monkey, Sambar, Barking Deer, and variety of Birds, etc.

Blue hills teeming with flora, and fauna and that too in complete isolation makes Nagaland one of the best destinations in India for wildlife lovers. Alluring, and attractive, there might be limited wildlife reserves in Nagaland but they unique fauna, hard to find anywhere else in India. When it comes to flora, worth noticing are 350 species of wild orchids that are grown here every year.

Ntangki National Park: Amongst all the wildlife reserves of Nagaland, the most prominent one is Ntangki National Park or Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary. Spread over 202.02 sq km, Ntangki National Park is home to species like Hoolock Gibbon, Palm Civets, Sloth Bear, Wild Dogs, Golden Langur, Tiger, Python, Flying Squirrel, and Monitor Lizard. It is also an amazing place to go for birdwatching.

PulieBadze Wildlife Sanctuary: PulieBadze Wildlife Sanctuary too is known for birdwatching tours. Adjacent to the two renowned peaks Dzukou Valley and Japfu Peak of Nagaland, this high hill sanctuary is home rare and endangered Blyth’s Tragopan, a globally threatened bird and Dark-Rumped Swift.

Ghosu Bird Sanctuary: When it comes to birdwatching, Ghosu Bird Sanctuary should be included in the Nagaland wildlife itinerary too. Eight kilometers from Zunheboto district, Ghosu Bird Sanctuary is home to varied species like Spot-breasted Scimitar Babbler, Spot-breasted Scimitar, RufescentPrinia, and Slaty-bellied Tesia. Next to Ghosu Bird Sanctuary are Aizuto Forests, which is an amazing place to go for birdwatching too.

Fakim Sanctuary: Another attractive wildlife tourism place that one must include on a wildlife tour in Nagaland will be Fakim Sanctuary, situated on the India-Myanmar border. Filled with meandering brooks, and narrow valleys, it is home to endangered species like tiger, slender, loris, panther, Himalayan bear, jungle cat barking deer, and hoolock gibbon. Attractive, uncharted, and mystic, these wildlife reserves are a must visit in Nagaland. Make a point to include Nagaland Zoological Park in Dimapur a part of wildlife holiday too. A part of the Rangapahar Forest Reserve, it houses different varieties of Deers including Sambar Deer, Spotted Deer and Barking Deer to name a few.

Apart from deers you can catch a glimpse of chitals, wild goat, bear and many other animals in the reserve. Next to the zoo there's a herbal garden that is known to have several medicinal plants. If you're too looking for an offbeat holiday in Nagaland then do get in touch with the travel experts of Seven Sisters Tours & Travels.

KeibulLamjao National Park: Total area of the park is 40.00 Km2. It was established as a National Park in the year of 1977. The park is situated on the southern shore of the Loktak Lake – the largest fresh water lake in Eastern India, which has been declared a Ramsar site. The fauna in the park is also rare and unique.

Rare wild cats like the marbled cat and the Asian golden cat are occasionally seen in the national park. Other animals like the Himalayan black bear and the Malayan bear are also seen. A variety of fishes and reptiles like tortoises, snakes like viper and cobras are also found.

Sirohi National Park: Location: near Ukhrul

Tigers, leopards, wild boar, deer, antelopes and some unique species of birds such as Blyth’s tragopan, vultures, warblers etc are found in this forest.

Manipur Zoological Garden: Location: near Imphal

Consists of around 400 species including some rare and endangered species of animals and birds.Sangai is the highlight in the animal section

Yangoupokpi-Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary: Location: Indo-Myanmar border

Consists of several species of mammals, aves, reptiles, amphibia, Fishes etc.

Nokrek National Park: It is located about 45 kilometres from the city of Tura in the Garo hills. The park is famous for being the home to the Hollock Gibbons, a rare type of gorilla. The park is having wild elephants and is known to be the home of the ‘ape-man’ or the jungle-man who has been sighted here occasionally!

Other than the fauna, the park is a protected biosphere that houses various indigenous plants and herbs found only in this area. Visit the place to experience the only well-preserved forest tracks in the region and also witness the natural miracles of limestonecaves that are famous here!

Balpakram National Park: The Balpakram National Park is known for its rich archaeological and geological importance, as fossiledsea shells were found here. The park is home to a variety of animals like leopards, langurs, boars and the very rare golden cat. The park is known for being the home to the very rare‘red panda’ or the lesser panda. The word ‘balpakram’ translates into ‘a place where thereare perpetual winds’ is situated about 167 kilometres from Tura. The river Simsang flowsnearby situated along with the Siju Bird sanctuary.

Siju Bird Sanctuary: Siju Bird Sanctuary is next to the Simsangriver that flows on the side of the park. The riverattracts various rare and endangered birds like Siberian ducks. The bird sanctuary is one ofa kind as the region does not have many sanctuaries solely for birds. Other birds sightedinclude, grey hornbill and the peacock pheasant.

Nongkhyllem Sanctuary: Nongkhyllem Sanctuary is covered over an area of 29 square kilometres and is known to be the home to various unique reptiles, animals, birds and fauna. The Sanctuary is known to be as close to real nature as possible and is located in the Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya. The animals here include the Bengal tiger , the black bear , the leopard and many such species at the verge of extinction such as the necked hornbill and the brown hornbill bird. The beauty of the sanctuary lies in the fact that many of these species were not indigenous to the country but were brought to the area later.

Baghmara Reserve Forest: Baghmara Reserve Forest is located in the South Garo Hills and is near the town Bhagmara. The flora and fauna here range from wild elephants to langurs and pitcher plants to wild flowers. The Garocommunity lives here and has their unique way of life that can be witnessed while visiting the area. Locals come and sell vegetables in make-shix shops along the road. The best time to visit the place is between Octobers to January when the birds come to visit the forest. The reserve is a beautiful place to experience local culture and wildlife.

SelbagreHoolock Gibbon Reserve This small area protected by the community is home to the Hoolock Gibbons, the only ape species found in India. The sacred grove in the reserve is the pride of the village and the community. The Garos never kill or hunt the Hoolock Gibbon as it is a traditional belief among them that if a Hoolock Gibbon is killed, a famine or a curse would befall the entire village.

Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Tripura, India of some 18.53 square kilometres, about 25 kilometres from the city centre, located in Bishalgarh. It is a woodland with an artificial lake and natural botanical and zoological gardens. It is famous for its clouded leopard enclosures.

Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary is a Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura, India. It covers an area of about 389.54 square kilometres. It is located in South Tripura region. It provides habitat for Asian elephant, sambar, water buffalo, deer, Phayre's leaf monkey, serow, wild goat and a few migratory birds.

Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary The Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Panisagar Sub-division of North Tripura district. Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary is a small wildlife sanctuary covering an area of 0.86 square kilometers (0.33 sq mi). Rowa Wildlife encounters you with several species of birds, primates, reptiles, etc. This National Park is easily accessible to the tourists throughout the year.

Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary It covers an area of about 163.08 square kilometres (62.97 sq mi). This sanctuary is situated in South Tripura District. It is 18 kilometers away from the sub divisional town of Belonia and is connected with Agartala by state highway. It can be approached either from Belonia in the south or Sonamura in the northern side. The sanctuary has an area of 194.708 square kilometers. This sanctuary has a number of perennial water rivulets, water bodies, and grass land. In this sanctuary, there are patches of virgin forests which are rich in rare vegetation. Indian Gaur (Bison) is an attraction of this sanctuary. Apart from it, there are varieties of Birds, Deers, Hollock Gibbon, Golden Langur, Capped Langur, Pheasant and many other animals and reptiles.

Rajbari National Park Rajbari National Park is a national park in Tripura, India.It covers an area of about 31.63 square kilometers (12.21 sq mi).The park is very famous across the country owing to its picturesque surroundings. It is one of the many places in India where one could witness Mother Nature at her best. One can expect to come across various wild animals including the world-famous Indian Gaur (also known as bison), deer, Golden langurs, Pheasants, and many such endearing species. The Bison reserve was entrenched in the Sanctuary to protect the endangered species.

Khangchendzonga National Park Best Season to Visit: March to late May and September to mid- December.

Spread across an area of 1784 sq km, the Khangchendzonga National Park is the largest wildlife reserve in Sikkim. The third highest peak in the world, the Khangchendzonga, straddles the western boundary of the park, from which the reserve gets its name. The reserve also includes the vast Zemu Glacier. The National Park occupies a premier place amongst the high altitude National Parks in the country and is endowed with one of the most magnificent eco-systems in the world.

Situated in such an inaccessible expanse in the North and South districts, the region has remained untouched to quite a large extent. The reserve is home to the snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, Tibetan antelope, wild ass, barking deer, musk deer, flying squirrel and the red panda who live in blissful isolation amongst giant magnolias, rhododendrons and pine forests.

A special pass is required.
For National Tourist: Permit is issued from the Home Department, Government of Sikkim.
For Foreign Tourist: If it is a trek to the Zemu Glacier, permit is issued from Ministry of Home, Delhi.

FambongLho Wildlife Sanctuary Altitude: 3048 - 4575 meters
Best Season to Visit: From March to May and from October to December.

Spread over 43 sqkms through which flows the Yumthang River, Singba Rhododendron Sanctuary is located near Lachung in the North district. The Sanctuary is known for its wild abundance of rhododendron shrubs and trees. Rhododendron Niveum the state tree is present only in this sanctuary which is also rich in ground flora like primulas, potentillas, gentians, poppies and aconites. The best time to visit the sanctuary is from April to July, when the rhododendrons are in full bloom and the sanctuary turns into a riot of colours. Lachung is the last frontier village before reaching the sanctuary. There is a Forest Rest House here, as well as one in Yumthang.

Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary Altitude: 3293 - 4116 meters
Best Season to Visit: April - August and October - November.

Located at a distance of 31 km east of Gangtok on the way to Nathu La, the Kyongnosala Alpine Sanctuary lies spread over an area of 31 sq km and is rich both in flora and fauna.

The sanctuary supports a fascinating array of rhododendrons, primroses, poppies and a variety of wild flowers. Rhododendron Nevium the State Tree of Sikkim and Cypripedium Tibeticum, the ground slipper orchid on the verge of extinction, have been introduced here.

The reserve is home to the gravely endangered musk deer, red panda, Himalayan black bear, serow [long haired goat] and some species of pheasants.

Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary Best Season to visit: March to late May and September to mid- December.

Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of 35 sq km above the town of Ravangla in South Sikkim. “Maenam-la” meaning “Treasure-house of Medicines” and the sanctuary is a repository of a variety of medicinal plants.

The temperate forest is home to the red panda, leopard, black eagle and civet cat amongst other animals and birds found in the region. The 3,263 meters high Maenam Peak also lies within the confines of the reserve.

Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary Best Season to visit: March to April.
Near Hilley, in West Sikkim is the Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary. Sandwiched between the Singalila National Park in the south and Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in the north, this small 104-sq-km sanctuary is at an altitude of 2200 - 4100 meters and supports a wide variety of bio-diversity. But the main attractions of the sanctuary are the rhododendrons which bloom in April-May.

Hilley is the last motorable point before Varsey. A four-km walk through beautiful pine forests takes you to the Sanctuary. You can stay at the GurasKunj trekker’s hut here.