Arunachal Pradesh, bordered on the south by Assam, on the west by Bhutan, on the north and northeast by China, and on the east by Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) is a sparsely populated mountainous area in the extreme northeastern part of the subcontinent. Arunachal Pradesh (Sanskrit for "Land of the Rising Sun") has an area of 83,743 sq km.
The state's main rivers are the Brahmaputra known in Arunachal Pradesh as the Siang, and its tributaries, the Tirap, the Lohit (Zayu Qu), the Subansiri, and the Bhareli. The climate of the foothills is subtropical; in the mountains, temperatures decrease rapidly with altitude. Rainfall averages between 2000 and 4000 mm (80 and 160 in) a year.
Arunachal Pradesh has a single-chamber Legislative Assembly, which has 60 seats. The state sends three members to the Indian national parliament: one to the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and two to the Lok Sabha (lower house). Local government is based on 12 administrative districts.
Tawang : Tawang is a high altitude town located in the lap of the mighty Himalayas which offers a perfect blend of nature and culture. Since the town boasts an elevation of 10,000 feet, it is a paradise for any mountain lover looking for high altitude places to visit Arunachal Pradesh.
The picturesque town is replete with numerous tourist attractions like vibrant Buddhist monasteries, high altitude passes, war memorial and scenic lakes which make it an enticing holiday destination.
Among the most important tourist attractions, Tawang proudly cradles are the largest monastery in India and Tawang War Memorial built to commemorate the martyrdom of soldiers who laid down their lives in Sino-Indian war.
Ziro Valley : It is a picturesque valley tucked away in the Himalayan foothills. Surrounded by the pine ridden mountains, paddy rice fields, quaint hamlets, bamboo huts and vibrant range of flora and fauna, Ziro Valley is a paradise for nature lovers, adventure seekers as well as cultural vultures. Being a World Heritage Site, this valley gives you a chance to explore the culture and tradition of the tribe Apatani which is an exclusive experience that you will cherish for the rest of your life.
Places like Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary, Kile Pakho, Meghna Cave Temple, Pine Grove, Tarin Fish Farm, Midey, etc. will make your visit here memorable. A visit to this tranquil place will definitely soothe your soul and mind.
Namdapha National Park : Another treat for wildlife enthusiasts in Arunachal Pradesh, Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area and the third largest national park in India. The park is spread across an area of 1985 sq. km and features an elevation range of 200 metres to 4571 metres.
The towering mountains, dense jungles, and many water bodies in the national park harbour an extensive range of wildlife species including snow leopard, red panda, and clouded leopard, and the park is thus considered to be one of the most excellent areas in terms of biodiversity. The activities that can be enjoyed at Namdapha are wildlife and landscape photography, boat ride, jungle camping, jungle safari, and much more.
Sela Pass : It is a mountain pass which enjoys an elevation of 13,700 feet. Snow covers this pass all year round and it remains open for the tourists during all seasons. This pass is considered sacred by Buddhists, and it is believed that there are 101 lakes around it.
Tezu : One of the most significant places to visit in Arunachal Pradesh, Tezu is a hotspot for tourism in the state. Located amidst the scenic Mishmi Hills, this town has a lot on offer for tourists that includes wildlife sanctuary, museum, botanical garden, and quaint villages.
However, the most popular attraction here remains the photogenic Glow Lake sitting against the backdrop of snow-capped mountains, giving you a reason to stare at it in disbelief. The headquarters of Lohit District, this town offers a dual experience of nature and culture simultaneously, making you feel the essence of Arunachal Pradesh. Tezu is easily one of the best places to visit in Arunachal Pradesh.
Roing : According to the Adi Word, Roing means cool and refreshing. True to its name, this town is set beside the Dibang River which adds beauty as well as a calmness to the aura of the place as it flows by it. Roing is a treasure trove for cultural enthusiasts, trekkers, and history buffs. Roing has a glorious history and archaeological sites that will render you curious.
You can also trek to some places to catch a colourful sunset or visit the lake to enjoy the boating in the middle of the lush forest and appreciate the natural grandeur. Mayudia, Bhismaknagar Fort, Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary, Mehao Lake, Sally Lake, Nijomaghat, Rukmini Nati, etc. are some of the places you should not miss when you visit this exciting place.
Bomdila :Away from the chaos of the city, Bomdila is a remote quaint town which gives you a glimpse of the unique culture and tradition. Enjoy the natural splendour of this town set amidst the snow-laden hills and vibrant landscape, lush green valley and apple orchards.
Some of the places to visit here are Bomdila Monastery, Sissa Orchid Sanctuary, Gompas, Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, Bomdila View Point and much more. Bomdila gives you an opportunity to explore the wildlife, culture and tradition and the beauty of nature at a single place. It is truly one of the best places to visit in Arunachal Pradesh.
Dirang :A popular destination among all types of tourists, especially backpackers, Dirang is a small town in the West Kameng District with big surprises to offer. The town sits at an elevation of approximately 4,900 feet, which ensures a pleasant weather throughout the year.
During a visit to Dirang, in addition to breathtaking valley views, you will also get to learn about various tribes that live here and experience their unique cultures. Some of the must-visit places here are Dirang Dzong, hot water spring, Sangti Valley, Yak Research Centre, and Kalachakra Gompa.
Pasighat :Pasighat also known as “Gateway of Arunachal” is located along the Siang River Valleys and the Himalayas. It is the oldest town of Arunachal Pradesh founded in 1911 and makes for a perfect destination to explore the tradition and culture of the people living here.
You can also enjoy rafting, fishing, angling, boating, wildlife safari, nature photography as well as trekking here. Daying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary, Kekar Monying, Pangin, Pasighat Buddhist Temple, Bodak Scenic Area etc. are the places that will make your visit to this town unforgettable.
Itanagar :Itanagar, the capital of Arunachal Pradesh, is nestled amidst two hills. Itanagar is famed for its lively festivals, rich fauna and flora, educational sites and also for distinctive historic and archaeological sites. Places like Ita Fort, Jawaharlal Nehru State Museum, Ganga Lake, Biological Park Itanagar, Indira Gandhi Park, etc. attract many tourists throughout the year.
Built in 14th-15th century, Ita Fort is an important historical site made of bricks. Jawaharlal Nehru museum showcases the rich culture of the place and is an outstanding educational site.
The striking Buddhist center, Gompa not only gives you the insights of the glorious Buddhist culture but also provides the best views across the town from atop the hill. With stunning landscape and variety of places to explore, Itanagar surely is one of the best places to visit in Arunachal Pradesh.
Along :Along also known as Aalo, is renowned for its scenic beauty. Lush green valleys, hills and orange orchards dot this town and make it appear heavenly. It is also known for many villages where you can find different tribes and get to know the rich culture and tradition of the tribal.
Mechuka Valley, Ramakrishna Ashram, Donyi Polo Temple, Patum Bridge, Kaying Villages, Jirdin and hanging bridge are some of the places you should not miss out on. Along certainly makes one of the best tourist places in Arunachal Pradesh.
Nuranang Falls :One of the most amazing spectacles of nature in Arunachal Pradesh, Nuranang Falls is a picture-perfect waterfall located in Tawang District. Regular buses run between Tawang and Nuranang Falls. The scenic surroundings of the falls make it an ideal place for photography enthusiasts.
Plummeting from a height of almost 100 meters, this waterfall is among the best places to visit in Arunachal Pradesh. Nuranang Falls, also popular as Bong Falls, is located at an elevation of 6,000 feet. Since this place is a hidden gem and not many people know about it, you can spend some quality time in the lap of tranquil nature here.
Bhalukpong :Bhalukpong is situated on the banks of Kameng River in the foothills of Himalayas. The place exhibits an unmatched level of scenic beauty.
There are many thrilling activities that you can indulge in here like rafting, canoeing, trekking, hiking, fishing and wildlife exploration. Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary, Tipi Orchidarium, Bhalukpong Fort are a few of the main attractions in this scenic town. This place undeniably is among the best tourist places in Arunachal Pradesh.
Sangti Valley :It is a charming valley in Arunachal Pradesh which is best described as ‘a piece of heaven’ owing to its natural beauty. Sitting in the lap of Eastern Himalayas, Sangti Valley is located at a distance of approximately 15 km from Dirang.
This valley is not a very popular tourist destination which is another reason for you to visit it if you are seeking a peaceful holiday away from crowds and uproar. The scenic vistas of the towering mountains, gushing river, and green openings will win your heart.
The quaint valley houses a variety of flora and fauna in addition to being a temporary abode of migratory birds that migrate here during the months of November and December.
Changlang :Boasting numerous tourist attractions to amuse all types of tourists in different ways, Changlang is one of the major districts in Arunachal Pradesh. The district features an elevation range of 200 metres to 4500 metres.
The popular places to visit here are World War II Cemetery, Lake of No Return, Jongpho-Hate, and Namdapha National Park among many others. Apart from an extensive range of places of interest, the vibrant culture of Changlang will please the explorer in you.
Bumla Pass :Bumla Pass is a high altitude pass situated at the Indo-China border, claiming an elevation of 15,200 feet above the sea level. If you are fond of snow, you must know that thick blankets of snow cover this place throughout the year, making it appear surreal. Visiting Bumla Pass also gives you an opportunity to witness one of the four Indo-China Border Personnel Meeting (BPM) points.
Besides, the place features a high altitude lake, Sangestar Tso which is a sight to behold. If you are in Arunachal Pradesh, exploring Bumla Pass deserves to be a part of your itinerary.
Menchukha :This is a beautiful town boasts an elevation of approximately 6,000 feet and is adorned by the forests of Pine and thorn bushes. Menchukha literally translates to “Medicinal Water of Snow”.
If you are a patron of photography, you must visit this town located in the West Siang District as it will give you ample opportunities to freeze magical moments in frames. When you are in Mechuka, you are only 29 km away from the Indo-China border. The town is famous for picturesque hills, exotic tribes, Siyom River, and snow-capped mountains that border it.
Anini :The pleasant climatic conditions and the scenic beauty of raw nature make Anini an ideal destination for a memorable vacation. The place is a popular getaway spot among the locals as well as tourists visiting the state of Arunachal Pradesh.
The verdant landscape of Anini draped in white fog is a sight you must see at least once in your lifetime. You can also enjoy exploring the rich biota of Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary on your visit to this town located in the northeastern Himalayas. The most recommended way to experience the magic of pure nature here is by trekking the various scenic trails available here.
Daporijo :Whether you have time to just pass by or stay for a couple of days here, a visit to this scenic town deserves to be a part of your Arunachal trip. The small town is located beside the river Subansiri which enhances the aura of the place manifold.
The town is majorly popular for its bamboo forests, rice paddy fields, and soothing waterfalls. One of the most interesting things you can check on your visit to Daporijo is a suspension bridge made of bamboo and cane that spans over Subansiri River. Besides, the town also houses temple ruins that date back to the 10th and 14th centuries.
Hayuliang Village:If you are determined to take a path less travelled and explore the unexplored beauty of Arunachal Pradesh, set your GPS to the hidden village of Hayuliang, which literally means “The Place of My Liquor”. This village lets you experience the most untouched form of nature that is sure to please any nature lover visiting it.
One of the biggest attractions of this spectacular place is the confluence point of two rivers – Lohit and Delai. Besides, a stay experience amidst the lofty hills in the pleasant climate of Hayuliang will become a memory for a lifetime. This is one of the best places in the region for winding down in the presence of nature.
Pakke Tiger Reserve :Popular as Pakke Tiger Reserve, Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary is an ultimate treat for any wildlife lover on their Arunachal trip. The wildlife park, located in the foothills of Himalayas, spans over a region of 862 sq. km in East Kameng District of the state. Due to a notable population of tigers, the park was declared a tiger reserve in 2002.
The park is the abode of at least a total of 40 mammal species including big cats like Tiger, Leopard, and Clouded Leopard and other species like Elephant, Barking Deer, and Jackal. Besides, hundreds of exotic migratory and resident birds can also be spotted at Pakhui. You can enjoy wildlife safaris, nature walks, and tribal programs here.
Gorichen Peak :If you enjoy action and offbeat paths, you are bound to love Gorichen Peak. This peak located between Tawang District and West Kameng District is a treat for every thrill-seeker in Arunachal Pradesh. The peak boasts a whopping elevation of 6,858 metres and is the highest peak in Arunachal Pradesh.
Gorichen is a popular spot for camping and trekking and is believed to be sacred by the local tribesmen. The panoramic views of the mighty mountains and lush green hills around will make your visit to this peak worthwhile.
Sangestar Tso or Madhuri Lake :Located at an elevation of approximately 15,200 feet above the sea level, Madhuri Lake is an exemplifying example of nature’s artistry. The lake lies on the way to Bum La Pass from Tawang near Indo-China border.
The original name of the lake is Sangestar Tso, but it became popular as Madhuri Lake after a scene from Madhuri Dixit’s movie, Koyla was shot here. Seeing this divine lake cradled between snow-laden mountains will become the high point of your Arunachal Pradesh visit. You can take a walk, click photographs, and relish snacks to enjoy the beauty of this lake.
Golden Pagoda, Namsai :One of the most prominent religious places to visit in Arunachal Pradesh, Golden Pagoda is an excellent specimen of Burmese architecture in the state. When you are in Arunachal Pradesh, you must visit this temple complex as it gives you an opportunity to feel an uninterrupted sense of divinity along with enjoying breathtaking architecture.
Golden Pagoda is one of your best chances to observe Buddhist culture from a closer distance. The temple is spread across an area of 20 hectares on a plateau. The scenic location of the temple fills the atmosphere with a sense of stillness and quiet, cutting you off from the blaring noises of cities.
Aalo :Take a plunge into the world of scenic nature by visiting this holiday destination that will offer you the best of tranquillity and solace. The town was formerly known as Along but was later on renamed to Aalo.
The town is also famed as the Orange Town as numerous orange orchards adorn its land, adding a sweet aroma to its air.
The blue waters of River Siyom and River Sipu meet at Aalo, adding beauty to the picture-perfectness of the town along with the suspension bridge that hangs over the waters. All in all, Aalois a perfect getaway place for a laid back holiday experience in Arunachal Pradesh.